Creating custom JavaScript syntax with Babel

Last updated 13 days ago by Tan Li Hau

javascript

Following my previous post on writing a custom babel transformation, today I am going to show you how you can create a custom JavaScript syntax with Babel.

Overview

Let me show you what we will achieve at the end of this article:

language-js // '@@' makes the function `foo` curried function @@ foo(a, b, c) { return a + b + c; } console.log(foo(1, 2)(3)); // 6

We are going to create a curry function syntax @@. The syntax is like the generator function, except you place @@ instead of * in between the function keyword and the function name, eg function @@ name(arg1, arg2).

In this example, you can have partial application with the function foo. Calling foo with the number of parameters less than the arguments required will return a new function of the remaining arguments:

```language-js foo(1, 2, 3); // 6

const bar = foo(1, 2); // (n) => 1 + 2 + n bar(3); // 6 ```

The reason I choose @@ is that you can’t have @ in a variable name, so function@@foo(){} is still a valid syntax. And the “operator” @ is used for decorator functions but I wanted to use something entirely new, thus @@.

To achieve this, we are going to:

  • Fork the babel parser
  • Create a custom babel transformation plugin

Sounds impossible 😨?

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